How far is the gap between the hottest robot made

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Robot: how far is the gap between domestic and Japanese American

Guide: how far is the gap between domestic robots and foreign high-end robots? For the same robot, one can be used for more than 5 years, and the other can only be used for oneortwo years, and it is often repaired. The gap between China and Japan and the United States is at least more than a decade. At present, 80% of important parts and components are imported, and China's unmanned factories are even lower than Japan's level in 1997

robots are freeing more and more operators from simple and repetitive physical labor. Under the influence of multiple factors such as human capital, difficult recruitment and improving production efficiency, many industries are replacing people with machines. As an entry point and important growth point of the new industrial revolution, robots will affect the global manufacturing pattern. However, at present, 62% of China's robot market is occupied by overseas brands, and more than 80% of robot accessories need to be imported. We still have a long way to go to win the Pearl at the top of the manufacturing crown

13.18 million yuan vs 178800 yuan

the difference between imported and domestic robots is not just the price of robots

Jiaxing jiaxibeira company, which produces air conditioning and refrigerator compressors, increased 335 mechanical arms in the factory last year. With a total investment of 300million yuan, the 136 robots in the old plant cost 110million yuan, and the 199 robots purchased in the new plant cost 190million yuan, which can be paid back in about two years. The person in charge of jasibera told Qianjiang Evening News that on November 18 last year, these robots officially entered the factory and have generated benefits of more than 100million yuan in the past year

335 robots can replace more than 700 workers, saving more than 42 million yuan in personnel expenditure every year, which is the most direct effect

after the robot took the post, it brought a qualitative improvement to jasibera. Before leaving the factory, the compressor needs to be started for quality inspection. Before manual inspection, it takes 5 minutes for each compressor, and only 30 seconds for robot automatic inspection. The defective rate of robots per million units was 354 in 2012, but the defective rate of robots per million units has been reduced to 179, a half

after using robots, the company saves energy by 30%, reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 9.6 tons, and increases production capacity by 35%. The noise of the small motor production line has been reduced by 5 dB, and the working environment is much better

robots are usually used for pairing. Therefore, lower conversion rates are usually used. The production efficiency of Sibera is improved more obviously. When the company has a production capacity of 1million units, there are 1000 workers; At present, the production capacity is 25million units, and the employment is only 3600, with an increase of only 2.6 times

in the previous assembly line, many workers repeated simple actions, and the workers also felt that they could not learn technology, which was very boring. Now workers can learn machine maintenance, and their wages have also increased. The person in charge of jasibera said that they have tasted the benefits of robots, and the robot transformation of the remaining production lines is also in progress

robots are also divided into three, six, nine, and so on. Among the 335 robots purchased and installed in jasibera, the cheapest domestic robot is only 178800 yuan, and the most expensive imported robot is 13.18 million yuan, which is mainly responsible for the processing of the core components of the compressor

so what's the difference between the prices of the two robots

just like the all-round players and individual players in the gymnastics team, one is a simple mechanical arm, which can only do a few movements, and the other is an all-round player, who can do everything, and can do it quickly with higher accuracy. These two high-end robots of jasibera are imported from Germany. They are truly rich and handsome in the factory, and can replace the work of eight senior workers. Without the robot arm of 178800 yuan, the daily production capacity of garcibera may be reduced a little, but without the robot of 13.18 million yuan, the compressor of the factory may be on the verge of collapse

80% of the important parts are imported

the manufacturing of domestic robots is at least 10 years behind that of Japan and the United States

Wang Leigang, an associate professor at Hangzhou University of Electronic Science and technology, has just completed a Research Report on the domestic robot industry. He found that China has made some progress in the related basic parts of industrial robots, but there is still a big gap with foreign products in terms of quality, product series, or batch supply, Especially in High-Performance AC servo motor and high-precision reducer, the gap is particularly obvious. In terms of reducer for high-precision robots, more than 80% of the market share is monopolized by Teijin and harmonic harmonic reducer in Japan, and the price remains high. At the same time, the supply of products to manufacturers outside the cooperation is limited, and the key core components have been controlled by people, resulting in the situation that most domestic robots are monopolized by foreign enterprises

mechanical body, drive system and control system are the three core parts of industrial robot. The body is the base and actuator, including the arm, wrist and hand. Most industrial robots have 3 ~ 6 degrees of freedom, and the wrist usually has 1 ~ 3 degrees of freedom. The drive system includes power device and transmission mechanism, so that the countersunk screw of actuator 3 should not protrude from the surface structure of the part to produce corresponding action

the control system sends command signals to the drive system and actuator according to the input program and controls them. In fact, domestic robots have a development track similar to that made in China: components such as reducers still rely on imports from countries such as Japan and Germany, and products are basically assembled

since last year, China has become the world's largest consumer of industrial robots. According to the data, the sales volume of industrial robots in China reached 36860 last year, accounting for 1/5 of the global sales volume, an increase of 41% compared with 2012. In 2013, China's own brand industrial robots were still dominated by low-end three-axis and four axis robots, and the proportion of high-end six joint axis robots was less than 6%. The imported multi joint robots account for 62% of the sales of industrial robots in China. The products of independent brands are far from meeting the development requirements of the national economy. Wangweiming, deputy director of the equipment industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that there is a large gap between China's high-end industrial robots and foreign countries

how far is the gap between domestic robots and foreign high-end robots? For the same robot, one can be used for more than 5 years, and the other can only be used for oneortwo years, and it is often repaired. Associate Professor Wang Lei gave an example. A factory in Taizhou used domestic robots, which worked well in the first year. In the second year, these robots went on strike from time to time, affecting the company's order delivery. Finally, the manufacturer had to replace them all with imported robots at twice the price

Wang Guoyao, Secretary General of Hangzhou robotics industry development alliance, was shocked when he visited the unmanned chemical plant producing ATM machines in Japan in 1997. There are only twoorthree workers in the factory, and the others are all robots. From feeding, production to packaging and transportation, they are all robots. The worker just clicked the mouse in front of the monitor to solve the problem

he believes that unmanned chemical plants are a trend in the future. Robots are employed not only to save manpower, but also to improve the whole process experience of users, improve product quality and standardization, improve the operating environment of employees, and cultivate the transformation of employees from operational to knowledge-based. He recently visited several factories in Zhejiang, most of which are still people sea tactics, far from the level of Japan 20 years ago

the market will increase more than 10 times in ten years

the robot era is waving

recently, the video of German industry 4.0 is very popular. A high-end CNC machine tool can process a piece of steel into high-precision aero-engine parts in a few minutes. This CNC machine tool is also an industrial robot

robots are becoming an entry point and an important growth point of the new industrial revolution. How to win this crown pearl is a difficult problem in the domestic robot industry

according to the Research Report of Dongxing securities, with more than 26million people quitting the manual labor age population in China every year in the next few years, and the annual increase of only 16million after zero, the scissors effect will reduce the manual labor age population by 10million every year, and reduce 100million effective labor in ten years, which makes the demand for industrial robots very strong

37000 sets/year in 2013, and will increase to 740000 sets/year by 2023; The scale of the ontology market is 87billion yuan, and the growth space of the ontology market is about 15 times; The system integration market is about 250billion yuan, and the market growth space is about 13 times. The age of robots is waving

the preparation of vanillin based phosphorus containing self flame retardant epoxy resin robot is actually a demonstration of an industrial system, which is not only as simple as building a manipulator. Wang Lei said that industrial robots are high and new technologies formed by integrating computer, cybernetics, mechanics, information and sensing technology, artificial intelligence, bionics and other disciplines. Their R & D and application are an important symbol of the level of industrial automation. At present, most of the core components of domestic robots, such as high-end transmissions and servers, rely on imports. There is still a long way to go before domestic core components can enter the mainstream market

Wang Guoyao told that the domestic robot industry is entering a period of explosion. Their association has grown from a few members two years ago to more than 30 enterprises. Almost every month, new enterprises enter, and many funds come from real estate, mining, trade and other fields

he believes that robots are developing rapidly, but it still needs the joint efforts of the government, financial institutions, universities, enterprises and other parties to move from low-end to high-end. He believes that China's robot industry can build its core competitiveness by starting with the control system. Robots in the United States do not compete with Japan and Europe in terms of ontology. Its advantage is the control system and software. It develops various applications on the machine ontology and creates the world's top service robots. China has a broad market and can give full play to its advantages and occupy a place in the robot industry

Su Bo, Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the Ministry of industry and information technology will guide the development of the industry by strengthening top-level design, increase financial support and policy support for the robot industry, and strive to form a relatively perfect industrial robot industry system by 2020, with a high-end market share of more than 45%

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