How far is the hottest 5g communication from us

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How far is 5g communication from us?

there are two yardsticks to measure the distance between 5g and 5g, one is the gap between industrial preparation and 5g capacity indicators, and the other is the position in the ITU (International Telecommunication Union) timeline

at this year's world mobile communication conference (mwc2016), all participants showed the latest 5g scientific and technological achievements and cooperation progress

after a year or two of fermentation, 5g is no longer a one-man show for equipment manufacturers. First finance and economics saw on mwc2016 that chip makers and operators have joined in the preparation and verification of 5g technology, and international cooperation has become closer

Chinese enterprises are a positive force in 5g R & D and standard setting. At the same time, international open cooperation is accelerating the maturity of 5g technology and industry

the company analyzed how far the standard industry is from 5g when selecting the tensile machine for soft packaging material detection.

what is 5g? ITU has determined eight key capability indicators. In the future, the peak rate of 5g will reach 20gbps. Other capability indicators also include user experience data rate of 100Mbps, delay of 1 millisecond, connection density of 10 to the 6th power per square kilometer, traffic density of 10Mbps per square meter, etc

at the world mobile communication conference in previous years, Ericsson, Huawei and others showed 5g base station prototypes. The latest 5g base station prototypes are still a major attraction of this year's exhibition. In the 5g outfield test carried out in February 2016, Ericsson 5g wireless prototype achieved a peak throughput of more than 10Gbps

among chip makers, Intel said that it would develop and validate 5g mobile devices and network solutions this year, and would jointly develop and validate 5g wireless technology and related devices, virtual network platforms from 2001 to 2015, and joint standardization in 2018. Qualcomm and Ericsson also announced that they will cooperate on 5g technology development, early interoperability testing, and specific projects with leading mobile operators

telecom operators are also actively involved in 5g work. China Mobile has just announced that it will establish a 5g joint innovation center. Verizon, the largest wireless communication provider in the United States, announced that it would conduct field tests on 5g technology in 2016

cross cooperation in industry is another highlight of this year, including equipment manufacturers and chip manufacturers, equipment manufacturers and operators, as well as operators and other industry parties. The 5g joint innovation center of China Mobile includes ICT manufacturers such as Ericsson, Huawei, Qualcomm, Intel, and also brings in 5g potential users such as Hisense and Shougang to join the research and development. In the future, the maturity of 5g application is an important sign of the arrival of 5g era

China business news also saw on mwc2016 that many prototype products of IOT have been launched this year, such as more intelligent car service applications. More manufacturers are trying to extend the boundary of the network to the family and industrial fields, giving more object functions. The application extends from mobile Internet to Internet of all things. Although it will eventually mature in 5g, it has started from the current 4g+ era

in general, 5g is still in the period of technological preparation, technological breakthrough and the establishment of industrial cross cooperation. Wireless technology, network deployment and industrial application industries need to be further matured and connected

standardization progress

last October, the International Telecommunication Union announced the timetable for 5g technology standardization. 5g technology is officially named imt-2020, and the standard will be formulated and completed in 2020

5g standard will not be proposed by a single country or enterprise, but produced in international cooperation and collision, including a complete set of technical specifications such as wireless network technology, chip technology, software technology, etc

everyone has recognized the development direction of 5g and is preparing for the development of 5g, but it is mainly the exploration of key technologies by each family, because 5g has no corresponding standard. Zhang Jianguo, senior vice president of ZTE and general manager of wireless products business department, told the media including China business

Zhang Jianguo believes that 5g key technologies may include 5g core network Slicing Based on virtual architecture, SDN (soft and defined network by comparison with tensile experiment), etc. In addition, some experts believe that small base stations will become part of 5g, and operators are more interested in the miniaturization of 5g base stations, because it is convenient for their future deployment networks. In addition, it may include beam shaping technology, beam tracking technology and multi-user MIMO technology, which have been applied to Ericsson 5g prototype

in 2018, the international standards organization 3gpprelease15 specification is a key time node. China Business News noted that many key enterprises in the industrial chain arrange their R & D Based on the progress of release15 standardization. (we) plan to carry out commercialized product R & D tests and pilot projects in 2018, and strive to start 5g network commercialization in 2020. Shang Bing, chairman of China Mobile, said when attending the GTI (TD-LTE global development initiative) summit held during MWC 2016

China has become an important force recognized by all parties to promote 5g R & D and standardization. China's industry is an important force leading the TD-LTE standard. At present, China Mobile has deployed the world's largest TD-LTE 4G network, and China is looking forward to continue to influence the industry through GTI, striving for the evolution of TDD based technology to 5g, so as to obtain more initiatives

apply new technology to 4G

on February 24, mwc2016, ZTE pre5gmassassivemimo technology won the best mobile technology breakthrough award and CTO Choice Award

this means that ZTE's 5g concept has been recognized by the industry. ZTE has always advocated that there is a pre 5g intermediate stage between 4G and 5g, and some 5g technologies can be used to evolve 4G networks. ZTE predicts that the pre 5gmassassivemimo will be commercially available in the Chinese market in 2016

equipment manufacturers strive to promote the improved technology. Multi carrier aggregation and higher-order modulation and demodulation technology have been used to upgrade the original 4G network. Chinese operators call the upgraded 4G network 4g+. Compared with the 100Mbps peak rate of TD-LTE at the beginning of 4G, the 4G data transmission speed after multi carrier aggregation and higher-order modulation and demodulation can reach more than three times the above

these efforts to improve the current situation, on the one hand, help to make a smoother transition to 5g, on the other hand, are crucial to optimizing the network quality of operators and improving their competitiveness. In the future world, there is no problem in the transition from LTE to 5g, said Guo Ping, vice chairman and rotating CEO of Huawei, during MWC 2016

this time, Huawei also released its own 4.5g. The release of 4.5g is actually on the way to 5g. It can support 1g speed, HD voice and data, and IOT business. Guo Ping said. Huawei said it would support the deployment of 60 4.5g commercial networks worldwide in 2016

at the operator level, Shang Bing pointed out twice at the GSMA annual conference and the GTI summit that while facing the opportunities of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, it is also facing the challenges of industrial restructuring, and whether telecom operators can achieve sustainable development depends on whether we can grasp the trend and follow the trend

in fact, since 2015, both China Mobile, which dominates the China telecom market, and Chinatelecom and China Unicom, which catch up with China Mobile, have maintained great enthusiasm for the application of new technologies. Relevant data show that China has invested more than 100 billion yuan in network construction for two consecutive years. The performance of the three major operators in the period of strategic transformation has grown slowly or even declined in the past two years. Obviously, tightening their belts should also catch up with the trend

how to take advantage of the trend, Shang Bing said that it will promote the wide application of carrier aggregation technology in all urban cores and hot spots in China. China Mobile plans to commercialize volte in more than 260 cities in the first half of this year, and will commercialize integrated communications (RCS) in the second half of this year

How do big guys see 5g

◆ hansvestberg, President and CEO of Ericsson: 5g, IOT and cloud will subvert all industries

◆ Guo Ping, vice chairman and rotating CEO of Huawei: Huawei announced last year that it would invest more than US $600million in pure research in these three years. Now, according to the progress of development, we should say that we will continue to increase investment in this area, and at an appropriate time, for example, after the International Telecommunication Union and GSMA organization start to determine the 5g standard, we should start from the research stage to the development stage

◆ senior vice president of ZTE and general manager of wireless product business department: if the business model has not changed, the 5g network throughput we are talking about now exceeds 1g, and the breakthrough 1 has simple requirements for material experiments. When there are not many experimental projects, it can be taken, but the space is 0g, and the breakthrough 100g, which makes no sense, but a single user enjoys more than a certain rate, which is valuable to the entire operator, So we think that the future of IOT must be a very big model change

◆ aichaevans, vice president and general manager of communication and equipment division of Intel: billions of smart connected devices, personalized services of massive data and cloud applications need more intelligent and powerful network support. The transition to 5g, which integrates communication and computing, is revolutionizing the entire industry. This will lay the foundation for the 5g network in the future, which is crucial for achieving amazing experiences in the future

◆ Qualcomm ceostevemollenkopf: the combination of low-power computing and connectivity is breaking every industry in a positive way. 5g is not only an existing standard, but also a functional revolution, and many industries will benefit from it

◆ Shang Bing, chairman of China Mobile: under the background of a new round of global scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, and the accelerated integration and innovation of information and communication technology business, the new momentum of economic development breeds new opportunities for industrial development. The new business form of deep integration between Internet and economic and social related fields has expanded new space for value growth, and the new era of Internet of everything has opened up a new path of connection driven development, At the same time, the new changes in competition patterns have brought new challenges to the reconstruction of the industrial chain

◆ edchan, senior vice president of technology strategy and Planning Department of Verizon: Verizon will continue to work closely with our partners to accelerate the innovation related to 5g technology. We are the first enterprise to popularize 4G in the United States. For 5g, we will continue to promote technological innovation

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