Application overview of the most popular machining

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Application overview of common machining machine tools

lathes are mainly used to process various rotating surfaces and end faces of rotating bodies. Such as turning inner and outer cylindrical surfaces, conical surfaces, ring grooves and formed rotating surfaces, turning end faces and various commonly used threads. Equipped with process equipment, it can also process various special surfaces. It can also do drilling, reaming, reaming, knurling and other work on the lathe

milling machine is a machine tool with a wide range of uses. On the milling machine, it can process plane (horizontal plane, vertical plane), groove (keyway, T-shaped groove, dovetail groove, etc.), gear parts (gear, spline shaft, sprocket, spiral surface (thread, spiral groove) and various curved surfaces. In addition, it can also be used for machining the surface and inner hole of the rotating body and cutting off. When the milling machine is working, the workpiece is installed on the workbench or indexing head and other accessories. The rotation of the milling cutter is the main motion, supplemented by the feeding motion of the workbench or milling head, and the workpiece can obtain the processing surface required for the initial detection. Because it is multi cutter intermittent cutting, the productivity of the milling machine is high

planers are mainly divided into head planers and door planers. At present, these new products are still 10 points short of machines, single arm planers and specialized planers (such as edge planers for planing the edges of large steel plates, punch planers and die planers for complex shaped workpieces). The shaper is named after the shape of the ram and the knife rest, which are similar to the head of a cow. The planer is installed on the knife rest of the ram for longitudinal reciprocating motion, and is mostly used to cut various planes and grooves. The gantry planer is named after a gantry frame structure composed of top beams and columns. The worktable carries the workpiece through the gantry frame for linear reciprocating motion. It is mostly used to process large planes (especially long and narrow planes), as well as grooves or planes of several small and medium-sized parts at the same time. Large gantry planers are often equipped with milling heads, grinding heads and other components, so that the workpiece can be planed, milled and ground flat after one installation. The single arm planer has a single column and a cantilever, and the worktable reciprocates longitudinally along the guide rail of the machine body. It is mostly used to process workpieces with large width and does not need to be processed on the whole width

the slotting machine is mainly used to process various planes (such as horizontal plane, vertical plane, inclined plane and various grooves, such as T-shaped groove, dovetail groove, V-shaped groove, etc.) and linear forming surfaces. If equipped with profiling device, it can also process spatial curved surface, such as turbine impeller, spiral groove, etc. The cutting tools of this kind of machine tools are simple in structure, with different scratch resistance grades and no cutting during the return journey, so the productivity is low, and they are generally used for single piece small batch production

boring machine is suitable for plane milling and hole series processing of single piece or small batch production parts in machining workshop. The end of spindle box is designed with horizontal rotating disc radial tool rest, which can accurately bore holes and planes with large size. In addition, it can also be used for drilling, reaming and thread processing

grinding machine tools that use abrasive grinding tools (grinding wheels, abrasive belts, oilstones or abrasives, etc.) as tools to cut the surface of workpieces are collectively referred to as grinding machines. Grinding machines can process various surfaces, such as inner and outer cylindrical and conical surfaces, planes, gear rack surfaces, helical surfaces and various forming surfaces, and can also sharpen cutting tools and cut off, with a wide range of processes. Because grinding can easily obtain high machining accuracy and good surface quality, grinding machines are mainly used for the finishing of parts, especially the finishing of hardened steel parts and special materials with high hardness

drilling machine is a universal machine tool with wide applications. Due to the difficulty of recycling, it can drill, ream, ream, spot facer and tap threads on parts. When the radial drilling machine is equipped with process equipment, boring can also be carried out; Equipped with a universal worktable (mdt-180 type) on the bench drill, it can also mill the keyway

gears of gear processing machine tools are the most commonly used transmission parts, including cylindrical gears with straight teeth, helical teeth and herringbone teeth, bevel gears with straight teeth and spiral teeth, worm gears and non-circular gears. The machine tool that processes the surface of gear teeth is called gear processing machine tool

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